Every 35 seconds a child dies of Malaria in Africa. Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases ravaging the poorer parts of the world. Like a merciless and ruthless warlord, it has sent millions of people, especially children, to their early graves.
Malaria is a blood-borne disease carried by mosquitoes. It destroys the blood walls, weakening the body's immune system, attacks the liver and kidney, and causes dysentery resulting in severe diarrhoea. Unfortunately even several centuries after its discovery, malaria still devastates humans, there are 300-500 million clinical cases with three million deaths every year around the world. Despite laudable efforts to control the disease, the challenge remains that people in remote communities rarely benefit from such programs.
Regardless of the fact that MALARIA is one of the oldest recorded diseases, malaria remains one of the
world’s most deadly infectious diseases and arguably, the greatest menace to modern society in terms of morbidity and mortality. Very few disorders compare to the potentiality of malaria to waste human life. Though preventable, treatable and curable, there is no known immunity. This makes it an efficient and unrepentant killer. Several centuries after its discovery, malaria remains a devastating human infection, totaling 300-500 million clinical cases and three million deaths every year.
Somehow, it is almost inconceivable that such a life-threatening parasitic disease as malaria is transmitted through the bite of something as insignificant as the bite of a tiny female Anopheles mosquito, but this only goes to underscore the complexity of the infection. Malaria is a complex disease because everything about it is complex. It is a complex disorder with a complex transmission process. The complexity of the disease vector (the anopheles mosquito) is only exceeded by the complex life cycle of the parasite (plasmodium). The treatment profile is no less complex; same goes for the prevention process. The level of complication persists, whether one targets the parasite or the vector.
Today approximately 40 percent of the world’s population mostly those living in the world’s poorest countries, especially in the rural areas - is at risk of malaria. On the average, each Nigerian suffers at least three or more attacks every year and while millions recover, hundreds of thousands are not so lucky. This single disease accounts for about 60 percent of outpatient visits and 30 percent of hospitalizations; 25 percent of deaths in children under one year old; and 11 percent of maternal deaths -a heavy burden on Nigerian families, communities, health system, and workforce.